Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder which involves massive human and financial costs for life-long management such as costs for monthly blood transfusions, problems of transfusion transmitted infections, expensive iron Chelation treatment (to remove the iron overload in the body) and immeasurable distress for patient and the family. It can be controlled and prevented with timely screening and preventive genetic counselling
Presently we have restricted our services to providing bone allografts. Bone pieces which are discarded after knee & hip replacement surgeries are collected after informed consent from patients at different hospitals. These bones are cleaned, sterilized, freeze dried and gamma irradiated before issuing to hospitals as surgical implants
|Slowed growth rates:||TAnemia can cause a child’s growth to slow. Puberty also may be delayed in children with Thalassemia|
|Enlarged spleen:||The spleen aids in fighting infection and filters unwanted material, such as old or damaged blood cells. Thalassemia is often accompanied by the destruction of a large number of red blood cells and the task of removing these cells causes the spleen to enlarge.|
|Iron overload:||People with Thalassemia can get an overload of iron in their bodies, either from the disease itself or from frequent blood transfusions. Too much iron can result in damage to the heart, liver, and endocrine system, which includes glands that produce hormones that regulate processes throughout the body.|
|Infection:||People with Thalassemia have an increased risk of infection. This is especially true if the spleen has been removed|
|Bone deformities:||Thalassemia can make the bone marrow expand, which causes bones to widen. This can result in abnormal bone structure, especially in the face and skull. Bone marrow expansion also makes bones thin and brittle, increasing the risk of broken bones.|
|Heart problems:||Diseases, such as congestive heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms, may be associated with severe Thalassemia|
BMST offers the following Services & programs for Thalassemia:
- Day Care Transfusion:
Blood transfusions are given free at the Rtn. Arun Kumar Day Care Transfusion Centre at BMST for patients with Thalassemia, Haemophilia and other haematological disorders who need regular, repeat transfusions. This program has been in place since 1991.
- Thalassemia Control Program:
Our Thalassemia Control Program is a free service which was started in 2010, initially funded by NRHM and thereafter being supported by funding from TTK Prestige Ltd.
Close relatives of Thalassemia patients are counselled & given information on Thalassemia & its prevention. Their blood samples are collected and tested for Thalassemia carrier status by Haemoglobin variant analysis and Mutational analysis as needed.
Carriers of Thalassemia gene are given preventive genetic counselling including pre-marital testing of spouse-to-be and pre-natal diagnosis.