Blood banking and transfusion services

    From a collection of around 5000 units of blood in 1984, Rotary Bangalore-TTK blood bank, BMST, has grown tenfold in size and has acquired a reputation for high quality and safe blood products. It is also one of the largest regional blood transfusion centres and blood component facilities in Karnataka. Additionally, BMST is among a small group of voluntary organizations that provides a comprehensive Thalassemia management, control and prevention programme in India. The Rotary Bangalore-TTK Blood Bank has a voluntary donor base of over 5 lakh donors and reaches services to more than 90,000 patients every year.

    In the current scenario, demand far exceeds supply of safe blood and blood products and Rotary Bangalore-TTK Blood Bank has prioritized three non-negotiable aspects that can help people access safe blood when they need it most. These are quality, quantity, and accessibility, and these values have emerged as the guiding principles for all the programmes and services it offers. BMST offers the following services:

    Quality – in order to ensure quality, BMST collects blood through voluntary blood donation camps at carefully identified organisations, colleges and other entities. The Rotary Bangalore-TTK Blood Bank has a 100% voluntary donor system, as research has indicated that the replacement donor system has a higher risk of blood infected HIV or Hepatitis . Every unit of blood is screened for five infections – HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Malaria and Syphilis. Additionally, every unit of blood undergoes the more sensitive and NAT testing using the latest, Nucleic Acid Amplification Technology, at the Government facility at Bowring hospital.

    Quantity – from collecting 5000 units of blood in 1984, the blood bank currently collects close to 40,000 units of blood. To meet increased demand for blood during Dengue and other epidemics, the blood bank also increases the number of blood donation camps to ensure that this vital resource is available

    Accessibility – the blood bank offers 24/7 services, besides offering doorstep delivery to far off hospitals. Bulk transfer of blood components is also enabled to other blood banks and to blood storage centres in 23 hospitals and the bank supports over 500 hospitals that do not have storage or blood bank facilities.

    Every unit of blood collected is separated into components for optimum and rational use, thereby ensuring that each unit serves the blood needs of several patients. The table indicates how each unit of blood is used. Blood components are issued free but expenses towards the collection, testing, processing and storage are recovered as per Government guidelines. Even these are waived for poor patients, Government Hospitals and Thalassemia patients Confidential counseling and referral services are provided to donors who test reactive for HIV and other infections.

Blood ComponentsApplications
Red blood cellsAnaemia & blood loss
Random Donor Platelets & Single donor (Aphaeresis) platelets, concentratesCancer, Dengue,
Coronary artery by-pass surgery
Fresh Frozen Plasma and CryoprecipitateHemophilia, Liver disorders,
DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulation)
Peripheral blood stem cells ( PBSC)Bone marrow transplantation

Immuno Hematology Reference Lab

  • We are a referral lab for some of the unique/complicated immuno haematology cases and cross match problem cases at no cost.
  • The Molecular Biology laboratory screens for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) by Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) methods.
  • This laboratory was set up at BMST in 2003 by India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project (ICHAP) of University of Manitoba, Canada & Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society (KSAPS), now renamed Karnataka Health Promotion Trust (KHPT) with Gates Foundation funding. Family Health International (FHI), added the Dual Kinetic Assay facility in 2005.